Customs (old celebrations)

The cross of Processions and Rogations

The 3 crosses of the rogations are still present in our commune.

From the latin word “rogatio”: "action to ask", "supplication", "prayer."

It is common to see some crosses in many villages. Floure has got four. They were used for processions and Rogations, now long forgotten and yet essential part in rural areas.

The Rogation constituted a liturgical celebration spread over three days, Monday to Wednesday before the Ascension. These Rogations or minor litanies were instituted in 469 by the Bishop Saint Mamert. Priest leading, the procession of parishioners crossed the land from one part to another, stopping at the crosses to bless the meadows and fields. Each day was consecrated, usually, for the blessing of a particular type of culture: meadows, fields, vineyards or some other secondary crops. The goal was of course to ensure the prosperity of the village community by appropriate prayers, immunizing its various productions from the attacks of the dark forces.

Therefore, it was important for the farmers to place the crosses on strategic locations, certainly at the edge of pathes, but looking towards the meadows and crops. At Floure, a cross indicates the North, on the village square, the West on the Fontiès d’Aude road to, the East on the way to the cemetery. The fourth cross indicating the South, on the road to Monze, has been lost.

From the 18th century, Missions are increasing in parishes. Here again, we do “procession” often widely. Then, to celebrate the closing of the Mission with dignity, we erect a cross with a large crowd. The Petit Larousse definition: procession of supplication, established in the 5th century, which takes place the day of Saint Marc's and the three days preceding Ascension, designed to attract the divine blessing on the crops. With this indication, we can understand why the cross indicating the East is called cross of Saint Marc: located... Path of Saint Marc.

CORPUS CHRISTI

Corpus Christi, also called the feast of the Saint Sacrament is a Catholic religious celebration on the Thursday following Trinity.

Corpus Christi is a bank holiday in some Catholic countries like Portugal, Monaco, Croatia, Poland, Brazil, Colombia, Austria, San Marino but also some Catholic Länder of Germany and a few Swiss cantons.

In Floure, it was about walking for a tour of the village, in procession, where everyone stopped in front of some houses. Families set up altars with flowers and candlesticks. Then children were throwing rose petals, to God.

The St. Roch

Every year on 16th August, a mass was said and the faithful went in procession to the banner and relic of Saint Roch, located in the Church of Saint-Etienne of Floure. The priest then blessed the animals which were being walked in front of the Church. There were mostly horses, a few cows, a flock of sheep. This custom dates back from August the 16th 1771.

 

Saint Roch, the patron of pilgrims and of numerous brotherhoods or guilds.

We, priest, consul and principal inhabitants of Floure, certify and want them to be in memory and to our descendants successors, that the day of the celebration of Saint Roch, we did vow and it's for me, priest, to say annually at the same day, a mass and to have a procession in the parish at the church and in perpetuity the day of Saint Roch on August 16th 1771.

Signed: Montpellier, the priest of Floure.